Sandwiching Machine
: biscuits may be automatically

sandwiched with cream or jam or with two ingredients. The

biscuits are normally fed manually from the packing table to a

set of vibratory conveyors. The machines may have multilanes,

usually from two up to six lanes. Each lane may produce 200–

800 sandwiches per minute, depending on the product and machine

characteristics. Cookie cappers are full width


making machine
systems. Chocolate tempering: when pure

chocolate is used, accurate temperature control during the

process is essential. The temperature control to seed and

produce stable beta fat crystals that avoid ‘bloom’ is

carried out in a tempering tube that may be a separate unit or

incorporated in the enrobing machine. Chocolate enrobing:

chocolate coating of biscuits is a continuous in-line process.

The biscuits are delivered directly, after cooling to around 25

°C, to an enrobing machine. The


depositing machine
are transported through the enrober on

an open wire mesh conveyor. They may be fully coated or half

coated with chocolate. Chocolate cooling: the chocolate is

cooled in tunnels with air/water cooling and accurate

temperature control to ensure a clear, glossy surface to the


There’s a lot to be said for the humble sandwich; it can serve

as a simple snack or dressed up and elevated to become a full

meal. But there’s something about the combination of hot metal

plates and bread that takes sandwich making to the next level,

and this is where sandwich toasters and toastie makers come in.

These versatile bits of kit aren’t just reserved for toasting

sandwiches; many come with different plates for different

tasks. Some have waffle plates, others have flat plates and

grill plates for toasted sandwiches, some even open up flat for

table-top grilling. Before making a purchase, consider what you

want to use your toastie maker or sandwich toaster for. Are you

looking to make bog-standard cheese toasties or are you after a

multifaceted machine that can be used a couple of different

ways? We tested a range of different models to find the best

sandwich toaster for you. 

For more unbiased expert buyer’s guides, visit our reviews

section to find 400+ round-ups of everything from the best

bread makers and best toasters to the best bread bins.

But, when I recently talked to a bunch of experts about how to

build awesome sandwiches, I decided it was high time I got back

into the homemade-sammy game. It may not be quite as easy, but

it's certainly still cheap, it's even more

customizable, and, I have to admit, that extra bit of work

makes it taste a heck of a lot better at the end. Then again,

if I'm going to go the extra mile with a sandwich, I want

it to look as good as it tastes. I want it to stay intact when

I travel, and I want eating it to feel effortless. I want to be

able to pull it out of my bag, give it a nice long look, and

say daaamn, sandwich, before crushing it between my jaws.

How to Make a Better Grilled Cheese
I want to wrap it like a badass—albeit a badass with a mild

case of OCD.

So this weekend, I asked the sandwich guy at my corner bodega

to give me a lesson, and he graciously complied. Turns out the

process is crazy easy and crazy handy—with a few basic folds

and turns, you'll have a sandwich that'll keep its

shape and hold all your carefully arranged ingredients in

place, whether you're going on a picnic,


packaging machine
a lunch box, or taking a road trip. It

won't gather condensation and induce sogginess the way a

zipper-lock bag will, and, because these wrap jobs hold up even

once your sandwich is sliced in half, it'll make eating on

the go a whole lot easier and neater, too. All you'll need

is parchment or waxed paper and, if you're working with a

hot sandwich or planning to slice the sandwich in half, a sheet

of aluminum foil.

Wrapping a flat sandwich isn't entirely unlike wrapping a

present, only you won't need any tape or ribbon to make

this one stay in place. To begin, you'll need a rectangular

sheet of parchment (or waxed) paper—you can buy the precut

sandwich papers, which'll make measurement even easier, or

just cut about a foot off the roll.

Set the paper in front of you on a work surface, vertically

(i.e., portrait, not landscape, orientation). Then place your

sandwich in the center of the paper; if your bread has a

discernible top, bottom, and sides, set it so the top is away

from you.

Next, bring the top and bottom edges of the paper together over

the center of the sandwich and line them up. Fold the edges

down by half an inch, crease sharply, and then continue folding

in half-inch turns, creasing each time, until the fold is flush

with the surface of the sandwich. Depending on the size of your

sandwich and the length of your paper, the number of folds will

vary. Try not to squish the sandwich!

The left and right sides of the paper will now look like

flattened tubes. Starting on one of the tubes, use your fingers

to press the opposing edges into the center, forming a pleated

triangle. Press down and crease the triangle's edges,

including at the base of the sandwich, before carefully folding

it underneath. Repeat this process on the other side of the

sandwich, and voilà, you're done!

The act of creasing and folding, accompanied by the

sandwich's weight, will keep the whole thing nice and

secure. If you'd like, you can cut the sandwich down the

center, perpendicular to the crease, and then wrap the halves

together in a sheet of aluminum foil. Otherwise, simply stick

your tidy little package in your lunch box, a brown paper bag,

or a rectangular container, and you're good to go.

If you're working with a hot sandwich, you can use this

same method with nothing but a piece of aluminum foil, though

skipping the parchment paper may make it a bit harder to eat on

the go, since foil may cling to parts of your sandwich a little

more doggedly.

Next up, we have long sandwiches, like subs and wraps, to

contend with. Wrapping these sandwiches can be a little tricky

to get the hang of, since measuring out the paper will depend

on the size of your sandwich. A good rule of thumb is to cut a

piece of parchment paper that's about one and a half times

the length of the sub or wrap.

Begin by setting your paper vertically in front of you, just

like with the flat-sandwich technique. Then place the sandwich

diagonally across the paper, near one of the corners. Now lift

that corner up and over the sandwich, pressing it flush. From

there, roll the sandwich in paper toward the far opposite

corner, folding in the sides as you go.

Having a hearty and delicious breakfast in the morning is one

of the best ways to start your day right, but some of you may

be too lazy or absolutely hate having to cook and wash up


What if there are breakfast making machines that are foolproof,

easy-to-use and will only require you to wash up a few items

after cooking?

We found some breakfast making machines perfect for lazy people

on Shopee Singapore, so read on to check them out!

Let's start with the simplest and most obvious breakfast

making machine - a sandwich and waffle maker. A nicely toasted

sandwich is one of the most popular breakfast options so make

your own at home with this handy machine.

It comes in two sweet pink and mint pastel colours to spruce up

your kitchen and brighten your day whenever you use it. Each

maker comes with a sandwich and waffle hotplate, but you can

purchase extra hotplates to make mini donuts and egg waffles.

Think about moving from one pan to another, then moving to the

oven to check on your bread when cooking - sounds hectic,

right? This 4-in-1 breakfast making machine lets you cook

everything at one spot so making breakfast won't feel like

such a chore anymore.

You can toast bread, steam eggs and cook congee with one

biscuit sandwiching machine so

it's no longer an excuse to not have a healthy breakfast

every day! Choose from the pastel pink or blue colour.

This multifunctional breakfast making machine is similar to #2

except that it allows you to brew a pot of coffee at the same

time. Such machines are designed for light cooking so if you

usually have fried eggs, bacon and toast for breakfast, this is

one to consider.

It comes in a sleek black and red colour that will go well with

any kitchen design.
Shop the multifunctional breakfast making machine at $69.89 on


If you don't already own one yourself, you very likely know

somebody who owns an air fryer. (Odds are, they've talked

about it countless times.) The miniature oven is the current it

appliance, and it's easy to see why — the air fryer is

easy to operate, shaves minutes off cook time, and gives food a

crispy texture without having to rely on loads of grease. It

seems like the kind of high-tech appliance you'd see on The

Jetsons, but with the added bonus of existing right now.

The air fryer is far more than an appliance that creates low-

fat versions of your favorite fried foods; it's so reliable

you can truly use it for any meal of the day, including the

most important one — breakfast.

Watch how to use your air fryer to make the easiest-ever

breakfast sandwich.
Want to make this air fryer breakfast sandwich yourself?

Herein new lattice unit cells with buckling load 261–308%

higher than the classical octet unit cell were reported.

Lattice structures have been widely used in sandwich structures

as lightweight core. While stretching dominated and bending

dominated cells such as octahedron, tetrahedron and octet have

been designed for lightweight structures, it is plausible that

other cells exist which might perform better than the existing

counterparts. Machine learning technique was used to discover

new optimal unit cells. An 8-node cube containing a maximum of

27 elements, which extended into an eightfold unit cell, was

taken as representative volume element (RVE). Numerous possible

unit cells within the RVE were generated using permutations and

combinations through MATLAB coding. Uniaxial compression tests

using ANSYS were performed to form a dataset, which was used to

train machine learning algorithms and form predictive model.

The model was then used to further optimize the unit cells. A

total of 20 optimal symmetric unit cells were predicted which

showed 51–57% higher capacity than octet cell. Particularly,

if the solid rods were replaced by porous biomimetic rods, an

additional 130–160% increase in buckling resistance was

achieved. Sandwich structures made of these 3D printed optimal

symmetric unit cells showed 13–35% higher flexural strength

than octet cell cored counterpart. This study opens up new

opportunities to design high-performance sandwich structures.

A lattice structure is formed by stacking lattice unit cells

cheek by jowl in any desired order. The entire lattice

structure’s performance depends on the construction of the

lattice unit cell it is made of. Extensive research has been

carried out in design, fabrication and evaluation of these

lightweight architectures. Depending on the number of struts

and number of joints in a single unit cell, it can be

classified as a stretching or bending dominated structure1. In

a stretching dominated structure, the primary mode of failure

is through stretching while in a bending dominated structure

the primary mode of failure is through bending. Compared to

foam and bending dominated lattice structures, stretching

dominated lattice structures were proven to perform better in

terms of strength and stiffness1. Several lattice unit cells

were proposed with superior performance and various advantages

in structural, thermal, impact, vibrational and acoustic

domains2,3,4,5,6. Octet lattice structure is one of the best

truss-based lattice structures among stretching dominated

lattice unit cells3. Gyroid and double gyroid structures

manufactured through additive manufacturing exhibited decent

impact absorption capabilities and additional advantage with

the same stiffness in all the axial directions4. Hollow micro

truss lattice structures were studied for their enhanced energy

absorption5. Hybrid sandwich panels made of pyramid truss

structures as core were fabricated with higher damping

performance6. Several numerical and experimental studies were

conducted by various groups to reinforce the proposed

structures. Linear and nonlinear effective properties of

lattice structure were studied using continuum theory

models3,7,8,9,10. The effective properties of octet lattice

structure were initially studied by Deshpande and Fleck3.

The fabrication techniques and structural performance of

lattice cored sandwich structures were explored by different

groups11,12,13,14. Selective laser melting (SLM) is used to

manufacture bio-inspired kagome sandwich panels with titanium

core. The compression and shear properties of these sandwich

structures are evaluated and proved to perform better than

honeycomb aerospace core structures11. Stereolithography (SLA)

is used to print several lattice cores made of epoxy-based

photopolymer resin and sandwich plates made of carbon fiber

reinforced face sheets which are co-cured in two-stage

manufacturing process. The compression and flexural properties

of the sandwich structures were evaluated12. Bending response

of graded lattice core sandwich structures is evaluated which

achieves minimum weight sandwich structures13. Silicon rubber

molds were used to fabricate CFRP tetrahedral core sandwich

structures and tested for compression and shear strengths14. It

is known that lattice core in sandwich structures plays an

important role in the overall load carrying capacity of the

sandwich. With the advancement in 3D printing, lattice core

with very complex geometrical configurations can be

manufactured. Therefore, further improvement in the load

carrying capacity in lattice cored sandwich depends on

optimization of lattice cores.

  • Created: 29-12-21
  • Last Login: 30-12-21

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